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Citing Sources

A guide to introduce how to cite your sources, avoid plagiarism, and use the right style guides to format your citations.

Citation Styles by Discipline

Style Guides and Resources Disciplines and Use
ACS (American Chemical Society)

Developed by the American Chemical Society, ACS style may be used for research papers in the field of chemistry.

AMA (American Medical Association) The American Medical Association (AMA) style was created by editors of the Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA). AMA style specifies writing and citation styles for scholarly works in medicine.
AP (Associated Press)

The AP Stylebook (also called the Journalist's Bible) is a writing style guide for journalists, that is published and updated annually to reflect changes in writing style and new guidelines.

ASA (American Sociological Association)

The ASA style is for authors preparing manuscripts for publication in American Sociological Association journals.

Bluebook The Bluebook is the guide for legal citation.
CSE (Council of Science Editors)

The CSE style is used primarily in the physical sciences, life sciences, and mathematics.

IEEE (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers)
  • IEEE Citation Guidelines -- IEEE's publication on citation standards.
  • IEEE Style -- a guide created by University of Pittsburg Library for guidance on citing using IEEE style
IEEE is a style widely used among all branches of engineering, computer science, and other technological fields.
NLM (National Library of Medicine)

The National Library of Medicine (NLM) documentation style is used for writing and citing works in the field of medicine.