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Artificial Intelligence

Guide to Artificial Intelligence (AI) for academic research

Academic Integrity and Artificial Intelligence

Additional guidelines and policies may be found on the Office of Student Conduct's website.

Professors may allow limited use of Generative AI tools with proper citation, or accept its use on a case-by-case basis. If you do not see a course policy statement about AI in their syllabus, please ask your instructor about their policy early in the semester.

Why is it important to cite your sources?

  • Citing gives credit to the source creator’s ideas and words and can strengthen your argument or position. 
  • Citing the author or source avoids plagiarism. Plagiarism is the act of claiming another person's language, thoughts, ideas, or expressions as though they were one’s own work. 
  • A citation is like an address for a source; citing tells the reader where you, the writer, found the source.  Reader can visit the original source if needed. 

Considering the points above, researchers should be aware of the following considerations. 

  • May generate citations for sources that do not exist.
  • May be unable to provide discrete, specific sources or source citations for the information it shares in a response to a query because its responses come from across a vast corpus.  
  • Is only as good as the information it draws from, which is currently up to date as far as 2021.  It also may contain contradictory, biased, or false information.

Example: Upon asking ChatGPT to provide an annotated bibliography on the topic of residential care options for adults with autism, it provided a list with four citations and well-worded annotations.  Although they all included real journal titles with corresponding volumes and issues, none of the article titles, authors or pagination matched any of the journals they were listed within.  These were fabricated citations.

Example: Upon asking ChatGPT to provide an outline for the topic described above (which it did) and also to share the source of the information, it gave the response below.  It is sometimes unable to explain where information came from or refer to discrete sources:
"As for my source of information, I am an AI language model, and I generate my responses based on a vast amount of knowledge that I have been trained on." 

 (Guittar and Moss, 2023)

Citing ChatGPT